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Timeline: A History of Oakland Police's Crowd-Control Policy 

Wednesday, Aug 7 2013

Jan. 22, 2003: The City of Oakland pays $10.9 million in the Allen v. City of Oakland (Riders case) settlement to 119 plaintiffs who alleged police misconduct.

April 7, 2003: At an anti-war protest at the Port of Oakland, at least 57 demonstrators, including Sri Louise Coles and longshoremen, are injured.

June 26, 2003: Sri Louise Coles, the longshoremen's union, and other plaintiffs file suit against the city, setting in motion the beginnings of OPD's crowd-control policy.
Photograph by Paul Sakuma/AP Photo

Aug. 20, 2003: The District Court appoints an independent monitoring team to oversee the reforms required by the Riders settlement.

Oct. 28, 2005: The OPD crowd-control policy is finalized on Dec. 20, 2004, and issued in a training bulletin by the OPD.

Dec. 28, 2007: Federal court oversight of the crowd-control policy expires.

Jan. 1, 2009: Oscar Grant is killed. His death sparks protests and riots in Oakland.
Photograph by AP Photo/Los Angeles County Superior Court

Nov. 5, 2010: in the killing of Oscar Grant. OPD unlawfully arrests approximately 150 demonstrators.

June 13, 2011: In Spalding et al v. City of Oakland, the National Lawyers Guild files suit on behalf of the 150 arrested demonstrators.

Oct. 25, 2011: OPD clears the Occupy Oakland encampment at Frank Ogawa Plaza, resulting in injuries and unlawful arrests.
Photograph courtesy of Max Stiers

Nov. 2, 2011: OPD responds violently to an Occupy Oakland "General Strike" protest: Suzi Spangenberg is hit with grenades and shot with less-lethal munitions; Scott Campbell is shot in the upper thigh with a beanbag round; Kayvan Sabeghi is beaten.

Nov. 14, 2011: The NLG and the ACLU file suit on behalf of those injured and arrested on the nights of Oct. 25 and Nov. 2.
Photograph by Geoffrey King

Jan. 24, 2012: The District Court finds OPD has failed to comply with the terms of the Riders settlement. OPD is on the brink of federal receivership; the department is stripped of independence and put under direct supervision and control of a compliance director, Thomas Frazier.

Jan. 28, 2012: OPD arrests 400 demonstrators. A case filed on behalf of those arrested is ongoing.

June 14, 2012: OPD's compliance director Frazier releases an investigative report into the department's response to Occupy Oakland, criticizing OPD's crowd-control and use-of-force practices.

June 24, 2013: Spalding et al v. City of Oakland settles for $1.025 million.

July 3, 2013: Campbell et al v. City of Oakland settles for $1.17 million. As part of the Spalding and Campbell settlements, the crowd-control policy is placed back under court supervision for four years, which can be expanded to seven years if violations occur.

About The Author

Kate Conger

Kate Conger has written for SF Weekly since 2011.


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